Traditional Knowledge Assignment At Ankara University – Turkey
Keyword : Find Example, Describe it, Who are the guardian it, The value and importance, The threat and How to classify it in your country.
By : Krissantyo Adi
History of the carving in Jepara began in the reign of Queen Kalinyamat. From a tradition of expertise inheritance carve ancestor of society Jepara. At first he used stone as the material to make some sculpture. By the time, the local communities knowledge increased more and people in jepara are interested in learning to carve. The craftsmen prefer to use Teak and Mahogany wood as basic materials for their furniture carving. Because jepara is town in the province of Central Java, Indonesia near by Mount Muria where have a lot of Teak and Mahony tree. Both types of wood have good quality mainly used as ingredients carved furniture, and until now sculpture has a very important role in Jepara people’s lives. The craftsmen and persons engaged in industrial activities sculpture are now prospering which is prosperity of the community life is sustained by the Jepara carving industry.
Photo by : Google map
This nation is proud to have a small town in north coastal of the Java’s island Indonesia that has its own uniqueness of wood carving artists with works that are very artistic and elegant furniture. The district of Jepara in Central Java Indonesia has a long tradition in manufacturing of furniture. People in Jepara has innovation, skills and knowledge know-how to carving and make sculpture or furniture by generation to generation.
Example of TK
Video source :
Describe of TK
In Java province has a lot of Teak and Mahony forest. Most of people on there using that kind of tree wood for daily needs for example make their house, ornament of house and furniture. But if we look an example at the pictures above, the people jepara can able to create a horse sculpture made from roots of teak tree with their innovation, knowledge and skills, where previously the tree roots its worthless and only used for material firewood to supply for cooking. They can make horse sculpture for medium size within one weeks and for large size within one month and many country buy their works such as America, Europe and Australia with various price. The prices for one sculpture around 1.500.000 rupiahs until 15.000.000 rupiahs or 112 USD until 1123 USD its depend on the size of sculptures.
Who are the guardian of TK
Not only sculpture, there is any well-known for high quality furniture produced by large numbers of small businesses. Because of wood material they had its very good quality and also people innovation, knowledge and skills in Jepara itself. There are around 3,500 small and medium sized manufacturers in this sector. The products of the area are sold in the domestic market as well as for export. These activities will not run properly without the help of the local government and people of jepara itself.
The value and importance
Jepara is known for its furniture industry, notably the teak furniture. The industry employs approximately 80,000 people, working in a large number of mainly small workshops. The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java. And now jepara has a nickname as “The World Carving Center”.
The threat and How to classify of TK
Nowadays, many Jepara carvers had a hard time adjusting competition in price from other country such as China, and competition in quality, from furniture manufacturers elsewhere in Java created further hardships. And also Indonesia’s teak and mahogany forests are under threat. If they disappear, so too, will the centuries-old skill of wood carving and furniture making. Fierce competition with China is creating a higher demand for raw materials, and unsustainable logging practices may one day mean there is no more teak wood left to carve. How to classify it? I think we can classify it as Traditional Knowledge or Indication Geographic, because their works has speciality environment and also the people and local government Jepara has some sustainable activities program such as transfer knowledge to the youth generation, provide an environment, replanting teak and mahogany plant as a materials and documented for all Jepara people works as traditional knowledge. In that way, the activity will remain stable and sustainable.
This pictures below, gave me an inspiration to make assignment about Traditional Knowledge.
Photo : At Meshur Tavaci Recepusta Restaurant – 13 February 2017, Ankara