By : Krissantyo
Indonesia is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands. With an estimated total population of over 252 million people, Indonesia is the world’s fourth-most-populous country. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. More than 300 ethnic groups and 746 linguistic groups. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism cultures. Indonesia’s national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Diversity” literally, “many, yet one”), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Indonesia’s republican form of government comprises an elected legislature and president. It encompasses 34 provinces, and every provinces are made up of regencies and cities have their own local governments and parliamentary bodies to develop each region which has a diverse cultural treasures, rich of arts and culture industry to increase a strong economic community. However , it does not run optimally for the welfare of the population in each region respectively.
The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO) that sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property (IP) regulation as applied to nationals of other WTO Members. The TRIPS agreement introduced intellectual property law, specifically TRIPS provide Copyright Law which is there are any protection for Traditional Cultural Expressions (folklore) and copyright to a work of Unknown Authors.
Definition folklore given by WIPO and UNESCO : “Expression of folklore means productions consisting of characteristic elements of the traditional artistic heritage developed and maintain by a community of (a country) or by individuals reflecting the traditional artistic expectations of such a community, in particular: verbal expressions, such as folk tales, folk poetry and riddles; musical expressions, such as folk songs and instrumental music; expressions by action, such as folk dances, plays and artistic forms or rituals; whether or not reduced to material form; and tangible expressions, such as: productions of folk art, in particular, drawings, paintings, carvings, sculptures, pottery, terracotta, mosaic, woodwork, metalware, jewellery, basket weaving, needlework, textiles, carpets, costumes; musical instruments; architectural forms.”
Traditional Cultural Expressions (folklore) has been discussed with great importance in terms of promoting sustainable development for communities and the enhancement of accessibility of information on intangible cultural heritage. WIPO established the Intergovernmental Committee (IGC) in 2001 which discussed subject matters pertaining to Intellectual Property Rights, Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore. In particular, WIPO recognizes the system of Traditional Knowledge and the artistic expressions developed by communities as intellectual properties and is seeking a way to grant intellectual property rights and assume that Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions (folklore) as a public domain of Intellectual Property can be protected by a government. It may become very important matters, because Traditional Cultural Expressions (folklore) very valuable for economic growth in every country.
Why CPI can be called as a Method to Developing Traditional Cultural Expressions?
Base on Website Cultural Partnership Initiative (C.P.I) backgrounds, CPI is an initiative of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Korea (M.C.S.T) to prepare the space for cultural interchange among Asia, Latin America and Africa. The MCST promotes and develops various projects reaching the diverse areas of culture, art, tourism, sports, leisure, religion, and the press in order to enhance the quality of life and to open up the new millennium era through the power of art and culture.
The CPI objectives for the development of cultural arts with promote cultural exchange through actively supporting cultural activities The MCST has been conducting the ‘CPI Project’ through better support and bilateral cultural exchange.
The CPI expectation for a balanced cultural exchange in the future will be based on mutuality between countries, both of which possess cultural resources and potential. As a result, each country is able to keep its cultural identity while gaining mutually beneficial value.
The CPI provides an opportunity for professionals in Asian cultural arts to fully develop their potential as well as showcase their achievements. Also, they can be inspired by new ideas and develop the understanding as well as tolerance for cultural differences. Promotion of cultural exchange. It serves as a window for cultural exchange among Asian countries, as well as creating the foundation for new cultures.
The CPI has scope global, and it works! and producing alumnae from other country especially from Indonesia around 50 person since 2006 until 2014. Most of alumnae is a professional in the workplace, as a government employee, public sector, lecturer, artist, etc. They gained knowledge from CPI and adopting CPI experience as a method and concept to promote their works.
Pictures : 10th Anniversary of CPI
Illustration pictures CPI Community and Indonesia Community
Picture : Indonesia Community
While Indonesia has an incredibly rich and diverse culture spread over thousands of islands, most organize cultural institutions and networks are centered in Java. Outside these hubs, there are fewer open spaces and cultural institutions available. That creates possibilities for further development and enhancement of art and culture networks outside Java. Indonesia having a booming economy and political focus on this area provides fertile ground for development of sustainable cultural and creative industries. Indonesia government with stake holders already running the activities to developing of traditional cultural expressions (folklore), although the implementation is still having some problems and obstacles.
Make Strategy To Developing Traditional Cultural Expressions
What Is Strategy?
Definition strategy : A method or plan chosen to bring about a desired future, such as achievement of a goal or solution to a problem. A SWOT analysis is a strategic balance sheet of an organization; that is the strengths of the organization, the weaknesses of the organization, the opportunities facing the organization, and the threats facing the organization.
|· Big Population
· More than 300 ethnic groups
· CPI Alumnae
|· Big Area
· lack of funding : we require equity
· Lack of technology : collecting, sharing,
transforming use technology
· Lack of coordinating : Bureaucracy issue
|· Big Market
· Research and Development of Culture
· CPI As Method and Concept : CPI alumnae
as agent of development
|· Global Competition
· Degradation, Abstention and ignorance of
· Other influence method and concept
The objectives how to increase understanding and appreciation of the people of Indonesia regarding cultural values which have developed in all districts, as a basis for culture-conscious development which has to be carried out among others. Indonesia require equity investment in other to fund all of activities. For the first step we should make data inventory and record all the cultural elements of traditional cultural expressions (folklore) using manual and online system and its utilization by stakeholders. This inventory shall benefits government, researcher, educator, business as well as public.
Further Programs :
- Strengthen the Nation character and Cultural Values
- Implement the policies on the development of cultural values in all parts of Indonesia;
- Enhance coordination among stakeholders on the technical and administrative services for the development of cultural values
- Support the development of local cultural values;
- Support the development of customs and traditions of communities;
- Increase the safeguarding of traditions;
- Use CPI alumnae as agent of development
CPI is a good project in connecting people to other people. It’s not only exercised by the government officials, but it can also be performed by stakeholders or anybody else. Being citizens of the world, I think we connect each other through cultural traditions. The value of culture is very important to be understood by other communities of the local or international community. We will better know each other and then we will believe each other. Cultural exchange in the future will be based on mutuality between local or between countries. As a result, each local or country is able to keep its cultural identity while gaining mutually beneficial value. CPI has connected communications, understanding is very much important in the international community and also in cooperation of several countries. So that’s way I call “CPI” as method and concept to developing traditional cultural. Thank you CPI!